A Glossary of Astrological Terms for the letter "G"
- Use this glossary to look up the meanings of words you come across on this website, or in your astrological reading. Just select the first letter of the word you need and click on it in the table below to go straight to that sector.
- Galactic Centre
- The centre of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, currently located at Sag 27°00'. This point, predicted in 1918 and discovered in 1932, is a gigantic radio source (called Sagittarius A) surrounding what is thought to be a supermassive black hole (Sagittarius A*) with the mass of some four million times that of our own Sun. It has a significant effect when aspected, inclining people to take a central role in affairs and to have a sense of cosmic destiny.
- Galactic Centre.
- A vast grouping of billions of stars and associated cosmic phenomena bound together by gravity and orbiting a common centre. According to science, billions of galaxies thousands of light-years in diameter are scattered across the universe, with pretty well nothing much occupying the vast space between them (unless of course you count the so-called "dark matter" postulated by the latest cosmological theories). Almost all of the visible stars in the night sky, including our own Solar System, are part of the Milky Way Galaxy. Most galaxies external to our own require a telescope to see clearly. Notable exceptions are the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds and the Andromeda Galaxy, which are visible to the naked eye. Galaxies as such have no astrological significance, though esoteric teachings hold that they are each a "body" of a divine being.
- Famous 2nd Century Greek physician who taught, following Hippocrates, that the body was composed of four humours, sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic (related to the four elements of Aristotle) and that health consisted in maintaining the balance between them. His treatments were primarily holistic and designed to restore the humoral balance: diet, exercise, administering purgatives, diuretics or emetics, and blood-letting. See Humours.
- Galileo Galilei (15 Feb. 1564 – 8 Jan. 1642), known as the father of modern physics, was a supporter of the Copernican system and made much use of the telescope in his observation of the solar system. He discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter, known as the Galilean moons in his honour. Galileo first observed and published the phases of Venus, thus supporting the heliocentric theory, and made many other discoveries, including the rings of Saturn and that the fixed stars were actually suns, perceived as small because of immense distance. He argued vehemently against Aristotle and Ptolemy. His views were declared heretical and although he ended his life under house arrest, he has become one of the most influential scientists in history.
- Qabbalistic system of encoding meaning using the numerical values of the letters of the alphabet, particularly the Hebrew alphabet. The Qabbala is a method of encoding and interpreting esoteric meanings in the Hebrew scriptures. Other ancient alphabets also served the dual purpose of numerical systems as well as alphabetical symbols. Among them, the Greek, the Sanskrit, and the Roman alphabet (used in most modern Western languages), also possess numerical values, which are used in Numerology.
- The third sign of the zodiac. Mutable and airy. Ruled by Mercury. Emblem: The Twins. More about Gemini.
- Impressive annual meteor shower peaking around December 14, arising from a radiant in the constellation Gemini. First observed in modern times, these have no known astrological import.
- The study of Birth Charts in Natal Astrology.
- Pertaining to Birth Charts in Natal Astrology.
- The universal spirit contains both masculine and feminine principles expressed in the world as contrasting energies seeking creative union and so attaining balance. Cosmic energies are defined in astrology and occult work in general as either
From the hermetic point of view, the masculine principle is primarily a creative and fertilising force, or will, while the feminine principle is primarily an imaging, formulating and nourishing force, or ground, that brings the will into material form. These principles are by no means the same as male and female (although sexuality expresses gender at the biological level) and do not imply that males exclusively express all masculine characteristics, nor that females exclusively express all feminine characteristics as listed. Clearly both sexes express a mixture of polar characteristics across a broad spectrum. See Polarity. See also Masculine & Feminine.
- masculine (objective; active; conscious; outgoing; hot; dry; positive; penetrative; creative; electric; bright; yang, etc.) or
- feminine (subjective; passive; subconscious; inward-looking; cool; moist; negative; receptive; nourishing; magnetic; dark; yin, etc.).
- The Birth Chart.
- The Earth as the centre of observation and influence. Astrological aspects are geocentric, as they relate to the Earth. See Heliocentric.
- Geocentric Model of the Universe
- Dominant classical view of the universe developed by in the 5th Century BC by Plato and systematised by Aristotle, wherein the Earth held the central position. The planets and fixed stars were believed to revolve around a spherical Earth, affixed to crystalline spheres. Ptolemy in the 2nd Century AD developed a scientifically refined version of this system, which held sway until the 17th Century, when it began to be replaced by the modern Heliocentric Model developed by Galileo, Copernicus and Kepler, and tied together by Newton. See Ptolemy.
- Astrological Geomancy: divination by means of figures, originally created by making dots in the sand, and later formalised as diagrams on parchment. Sixteen possible figures consisting of single or pairs of points are set into a tableau. Each figure has a name, associations with elements, planets, etc., and good or bad qualities. Interpretation depends on the meanings of the figures in particular locations in the tableau, and owes a great deal to the practice of mediæval astrology. Unlike astrology, however, geomancy requires no instruments or complex calculations. More on Geomancy (offsite)
- Divination using stones, crystals and other natural features of the landscape
- Shaping of the landscape and the built environment via geometric and numerical figures in order to gain or maximise control over the subtle energies of the Earth's etheric field. Feng Shui (China) and Vaastu (India) are traditional methods of optimising these environmental energies.
- Gibbous Moon
- The phase of the Moon between the first quarter and the full (waxing gibbous) and between the full and the third quarter (waning gibbous), where more than half of the illuminated surface of the moon is visible. See Moon Phases.
- Direct knowledge of, or union with the divine. The ultimate aim of hermetic and esoteric practice. Renaissance astrology, alchemy and magic were particularly concerned with the attainment of Gnosis.
- Seeker of Gnosis. In antiquity, gnostics believed that the divine soul in man was trapped in matter and sought to be liberated into perfect understanding and higher truth. Gnostic Christian sects were declared heretical by the early Church.
- Vedic astrology term for planet.
- Grand Climacteric
- 63rd year. See Climacterical Periods.
- Grand Conjunction
- Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in the heavens. See Great Conjunction.
- Grand Cross
- Two sets of oppositions at right angles to each other. An aspect representing very difficult energy, it creates frustration, anger, stress, intensity and the feeling of always being on a treadmill. It promotes self-growth and endurance.
- Grand Sextile
- An aspect pattern composed of the superimposition of two Grand Trines, one upright and the other inverted. It resembles the Merkaba, or Star of David, a sign of mystical power. Kepler called this pattern the stella octangula. In Sacred Geometry, the Merkaba is considered a doorway to higher power, and many astrologers see this very rare pattern as a portal to higher realms. It has some initiatory effect on the planet, our planet being a developing being, but we should remember that initiation is a kind of death. We must leave our old ways behind us in order to be reborn to a higher level of consciousness. Most people will not be affected much by this, unless it appears in their natal chart.
- Grand Trine
- An aspect pattern comprising three planets spaced 120° apart around the chart, so emphasising one of the four elements. A trine is a generally fortunate aspect, which nourishes the continuous use of natural talents and abilities, is an area of comfort, and can assist the native in the expression of harmony in the areas denoted by the houses stimulated. A Grand Trine would seem to be a multiplication of this, but can be quite the opposite, creating laziness and overconfidence in the natal chart and undue optimism when formed by transits, depending on the planets concerned.
- Great Chronocrators
- Jupiter and Saturn. See Chronocrators.
- Great Circle
- A circle contained within the celestial sphere that has its centre on the same point as the centre of the celestial sphere.
- Great Conjunction
- Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in the heavens, happening every 18–20 years. A.k.a. Grand Conjunction.
- Great Year
- The so-called "Platonic Year" of the precession of the polar axis, whereby the polar axis precesses around the pole of the ecliptic with a period of 25,920 years. This movement, also known as the Precession of the Equinoxes is what determines the Astrological Ages, such as the famous Age of Aquarius. Ptolemy gives an incorrect figure of 36,000 years for this, based on a misunderstanding of the Egyptian texts.
- Greatest Conjunction
- Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in the heavens in opposition to the Sun. Also known as a Triple Conjunction, because due to retrograde intervening phases, the conjunction will occur three times over a space of a few months.
- Greater Benefic (Greater Fortune)
- Jupiter. Venus is the Lesser Benefic (Lesser Fortune).
- Gregorian Calendar
- The modern Western Calendar, instituted by Pope Gregory as a more accurate modification of the Julian Calendar. The Julian Calendar, introduced in 45 BC, had gradually fallen out of synch with the seasons, due to the precession of the equinoxes. The Gregorian Calendar was first implemented on 15th October 1582 in Spain and Portugal and parts of Italy. It was eventually accepted by other countries and by now has been widely though not exclusively accepted.
- Supposed interlocking patterns of subtle energies that cover the planet. Using the image of the electromagnetic grid operated by phone companies and the like, it has been said to power UFO's, permit contact with "Light Beings", enable psychic transmissions, or any number of other uses. It is not generally postulated to explain astrological phenomena. See Magnetic Currents.
- Vedic name for the planet Jupiter
- Spiritual guide or preceptor.